In human resource development, induction training is a form of introduction for new employees in order to enable them to do their work in a new profession or job role within a business (or establishment)
Training can be systematic or unsystematic training. Induction training is systematic training. The systematic model supplements natural learning with a systematic intervention that relates to the organisations objectives. The features of induction training include:
- Training is part of the organisations overall planning process and is in line with its goals
- The organisation has a training strategy which shapes the approach to employee development
- Skills are planned for and addressed systematically through formal training
- There is a continuous cycle of training analysis, activity and evaluation
Induction training provides employees with a smooth entry into the organisation by providing them with the information they require to get started. The goals of induction training are in line with those of the wider induction process. These goals are to:
- Create a positive atmosphere
- Address any new job concerns
- Increase comfort level and feeling of belonging
- Increase knowledge of the organisation and its procedures and policies
- Share organisational values
- Share job specific information
In small organisations, the responsibility for carrying out the induction training usually rests with one person. In larger organisations, the responsibility is shared between managers, supervisors and human resources. In the case of both big and small organisations the employees and his/her, senior manager play a major role in inducting an employee. Their responsibility is to ensure that the induction program is followed and the desired induction goals are achieved. During the Induction, the human resources are responsible for preparing the induction checklist (updating periodically), the planning and administration of the formal program, assisting and advising employees.
The induction itself is usually conducted within the workplace by competent trainers and speakers in a presentation format. Induction training can also be in a written format, which can be sent to a new employee before they start, or handed to them when they start or delivered as a computer-based format.
The induction training should satisfy two objectives:
- The new employee who wants to be integrated into the social group of the organisation will know about the particular task that they will do within the whole system of the organisation
- The trainer is able to get to the trainees trained up in order to successfully integrate them into the specific area of the organisation for which the individual is being trained for.